Demonstration Project for the Renovation of Multifamily Buildings – Pilot action in Blagoevgrad (Bulgaria)

I. IDENTIFICATION
  • Investor (key institution): Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works
  • Contact person: Ms Tzveta Naniova, tzveta.naniova@undp.org
  • Year of implementation: 2007
  • Implementation venue

  • Region: Blagoevgrad Province (Bulgaria)
  • Town: Blagoevgrad
  • Impact: regional

    Total costs: 11085670 EUR

    Source per every institution

    • national: Information not found EUR
    • regional: 5000 EUR
    • other: 1800 per owner (at most) EUR

    Important stakeholders concerned

    • national: Apartment owners, municipality, local residents
    • regional: Apartment owners, municipality, local residents
    • other: municipality, local residents
    II. TYPOLOGY
    1. Improved condition & quality of the public space between the blocks of flats.
    2. Improved attractiveness of the architecture of the socialist buildings.
    3. Improved involvement of the local community in events organized in its quarter.
    III. DESCRIPTION
    1. What forms of cooperation were used as new approaches in the field of rehabilitation and conversion of urban functional areas?
    2. The project is a partnership project between the United Nations Programme, the Ministry Of Regional Development and Public Works, the municipality of Blagoevgrad and private apartment owners. The project supported the establishment and functioning of a private building owner’s condominium with regard to financial support and the management of the renovation process. Furthermore some technical and the energy surveys were provided by “Consortium E+M”, the renovation works by “Bodrost-96” EOOD and the construction supervision by “Agrovodinvest” – Burgas.

    3. Was the building or the space between buildings) identified as a valuable socialist heritage?
    4. Not as a main focus. But the building is a 10-floor structure finished in 1978 and constructed using the lift-slab system. The project is a part of the Demonstration Project for the Renovation of Multifamily Buildings. A total number of 14 towns participated in the Demonstration Project and a lot of attention was given to industrially constructed residential buildings which were built in the period of 1960-1990. Apart from the community aspect of supporting the foundation of condominiums, the project also aimed to save energy trough home retrofitting.

    5. What criteria were applied to make this judgment?
    6. The buildings of the Demonstration Project are either: 1) panel blocks in residential complexes, 2) other multifamily residential buildings (industrially built in residential complexes), 3) industrially built multifamily residential buildings in other parts of the city 4) or other residential buildings that were built at least 15 years ago.

    7. Was the building or space between buildings) important to local communities and how were they involved in decision-making process about its rehabilitation or conversion?
    8. Yes in the way that people live within the building. The project called for the involvement of all apartment owners as an entity. A special management unit (PMU) provided technical and managerial support as well as support to the access of financial funds or loans, so that the building owners were able to found a condominium and act as an entity on the renovation of the building. After the building owners had agreed to form a condominium, they received all the support including financial support for the refurbishment of the building surroundings and for the renovation of some common parts.

    9. Were attempts made to improve territorial cohesion within the city/town/district? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    10. Yes in terms of social cohesion. A particular target of the project was to promote good governance by building urban social capital. The European experience showed that a well-designed incentive system is necessary to motivate building owners to engage in the process. Therefore a lot of support was provided to the building owners including financial support, which was provided to those condominiums that had reached a 100% agreement for the building renovation.

    11. Were there attempts to reduced disparities between districts within cities/towns achieved reduced? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    12. The Blagoevgrad project is an example for the Demonstration Project for the Renovation of Multifamily Buildings. And the Demonstration Project itself was implemented to prevent residential complexes from transforming into social ghettos. The project aimed to stop the on-going deterioration process of the housing stock and was implemented to prevent social exclusion by improving population’s health and living conditions trough housing renovation.

    13. Other important facts and comments, e.g. critical review.
    14. The results of the Demonstration Project as a whole are future oriented: The energy and the greenhouse gas emissions were reduced, the bank and the construction sector were supported in times of recession, and the life of local residents was improved. Therefore the project created a working model for the implementation of a National Programme and demonstrated the renovation of residential blocks and their cartilage, developing in parallel to this the rules and mechanisms for the implementation and management of the National Programme for the Renovation of Residential Buildings. Based on it the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works will now prepare the secondary legislation for the programme’s organisation.

    IV. SUPPLEMENT

    Web site: www.undp.bg/projects.php?id=1599