Development of Nowa Huta Artificial Lake

I. IDENTIFICATION
  • Investor (key institution): Municipality of Kraków
  • Contact person: Miłosz Świda, Director, Department of Contracts and Procurement, Municipality of Kraków; zamowienia@zarzadgk.krakow.pl.
  • Year of implementation: 2006
  • Implementation venue

  • Country: Poland
  • Region: Małopolska
  • Town: Kraków
  • Size of area: 1700000 m2
  • Impact: local

    Total costs: 1 EUR

    Source per every institution

    • EU fonds: Phare 2003, the Initiative III, Small Infrastructure Projects in the Metallurgical Cities EUR
    • regional: Municipality of Kraków EUR

    Important stakeholders concerned

    • regional: Municipality of Kraków, Agreement of Nowa Huta Districts, Polish Angling Association, local media
    II. TYPOLOGY
    1. Improved provision of local cultural and social events.
    2. Improved condition & quality of the public space between the blocks of flats.
    3. Improved support for the development of small business operators in the area of blocks of flats.
    4. Improved involvement of the local community in events organized in its quarter.
    5. Identified new functions for structures from the era of socialism in 1945 - 1989).
    III. DESCRIPTION
    1. What forms of cooperation were used as new approaches in the field of rehabilitation and conversion of urban functional areas?
    2. Development of Nowa Huta Artificial Lake was performed by the Public and Private Partnership commissioned by the Krakow Municipal Management. The significant part of resources for its performance came from the union funding (Phare 2003) and the whole implementation was supervised by the Polish Agency of Entrepreneurship Development. The initiative of revitalization came from Nowa Huta residents, 18th Disrict Council, Agreement of Nowa Huta Districts and the Polish Angling Association . The district residents we informed about the stages of the project development by local papers on ongoing basis – Głos Tygodnik Nowohucki (Nowa Huta Weekly Voice).

    3. Was the building or the space between buildings) identified as a valuable socialist heritage?
    4. The Park and artificial lake were established in the mid 50s of the twentieth century as one of the Nowa Huta recreational objects. They were built within the area of the two-kilometer green protective zone, separating the metallurgical plant from Nowa Huta housing estates. They occupy the area of 17 ha, including more than 7 ha for the area of the lake itself. In the 50s and 60s the lake was serving as a place of leisure, family picnics, sports events and concerts. As an exemplary project of the authorities’ attention to the quality of leisure time spent by the working class, the lake was the venue of numbers events in the socialist period. After that this area was neglected. This particular area, despite its socialist realist origin, is a favorite place of Nowa Huta residents.

    5. What criteria were applied to make this judgment?
    6. Historical value – the area of Nowa Huta lake was functioning in the district since its beginning (50s) and it was the pride of the district and residents. Social value – the area being revitalized from its establishment was designed for recreational purposes for the local residents and this character has been retained to the present date. Ecological value – the lake was designed by the Nowa Huta builders in the period of socialism to provide ecological balance between the metropolis and a metallurgic plant.

    7. Was the building or space between buildings) important to local communities and how were they involved in decision-making process about its rehabilitation or conversion?
    8. The area of the Nowa Huta Artificial Lake was perceived by residents of 5 Nowa Huta districts as large potential, however not utilized. Representatives of the local community appealed to the city authorities about the necessity of revitalization of this area. 18th District Council – master of the area where the Artificial Lake is located put toward motions to the City Council concerning the necessity of development of this area – also the Agreement of Nowa Huta Districts established for the purpose of implementations of projects aimed at improvement of the quality of life in Nowa Huta, intervened in this matter. Głos Tygodnik Nowohucki (Nowa Huta Weekly Voice) informed about consecutive stages of modernization, giving the residents the opportunity to express their opinions.

    9. Were attempts made to improve territorial cohesion within the city/town/district? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    10. The overriding objective of the project of development of the area of NH Artificial Lake was to facilitate the process of restructuring of the steel sector in Poland through the increase of investment attractiveness of the postindustrial areas designated for economic activity. Indirect objectives was development of small and medium-sized entrepreneurship in the district, enhancing the tourist offer, the increase of tourist traffic in Nowa Huta, the improvement of image of the district and the improvement of the living standards of the residents. Within the area of the Artificial Lake there were built: a swimming pool, tennis court, soccer stadium, playing ground for children , positions for anglers. The new offer introduced in the area of the Artificial Lake had not been available in the district until this time.

    11. Were there attempts to reduced disparities between districts within cities/towns achieved reduced? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    12. Implementation of the project was important because of the noticeable disproportions between the dynamics of development of particulars areas in Krakow. The eastern part, particularly round the metallurgical plant and within its protective zone is characterized by slow development and small scale of transformation, hence the need of activities speeding up these processes. Development of areas round the NH Artificial Lake made it possible to use the cultural and natural potential of this area and revived the tourist and recreational movement in this part of Kraków. In this way the attractiveness of the 18th district was increased both on the tourist market and economic market (a swimming pool, a ballroom hall and catering facility were established).

    13. Other important facts and comments, e.g. critical review.
    14. The area above the artificial lake will be used to practice active walking recreation, cycling recreation and for everyday rest of the residents of local housing estates, as well as for the organization of sports competitions. The City authorities recon that the long-term consequence of development and modernization of the NH Artificial Lake will be the utilization of tourist, cultural and natural qualities of Kraków, and this in turn will allow to increase economic and investment attractiveness of the areas jeopardized with marginalization.