Project ReMiDo - Sustainable reintegration of post-soviet military residential areas as a challenge and opportunity for regional development (Lithuania and a number of other countries)

I. IDENTIFICATION
  • Investor (key institution): City municipalities of Vilnius and Kaunas (Lithuania)
  • Contact person: Prof. Dr. Irena Ograjenšek, irena.ograjensek@ef.uni-lj.si
  • Year of implementation: Project duration: 21.6.2005 – 20.1.2008; since then ongoing efforts to reintegrate the space
  • Implementation venue

  • Town: Vilnius, Kanuas
  • Impact: regional

    Total costs: EUR

    Source per every institution

    Important stakeholders concerned

    • EU fonds: BS Interreg III B funds
    • other: City municipalities of Vilnius and Kaunas (Lithuania)
    II. TYPOLOGY
    1. Improved condition & quality of the public space between the blocks of flats.
    2. Improved support for the development of small business operators in the area of blocks of flats.
    3. Improved attractiveness of the architecture of the socialist buildings.
    4. Identified new functions for structures from the era of socialism in 1945 - 1989).
    III. DESCRIPTION
    1. What forms of cooperation were used as new approaches in the field of rehabilitation and conversion of urban functional areas?
    2. International cooperation (exchange of knowledge and good practices) in the framework of the BSR Interreg III B. As the post-soviet military residential areas and it surroundings are in a very specific situation – on one hand these are destroyed territories that are more or less unique (in comparison with whole area), on the other hand there exist a substantial number of such territories counted as military territories by the members of Warsaw Pact it was felt that transnational co-operation among former satellite countries is a chance to overcome the problems in effective way and to transfer the know-how. Central objectives of the project are: 1) to assess different national experiences, the good and bad practices on revitalization of post-soviet military residential areas; 2) to select indicators and to describe relationships between indicators and possible approaches; 3) to develop methods for analyzing and descriptions of the situation (including spatial development models) in the post-soviet military residential areas and to develop and to evaluate possible development strategies; 4) to develop specialized spatial planning tools; 5) to increase the capacity of institutions involved in the development process of post-soviet military residential territories; 6) to analyze challenges and opportunities for post-soviet military residential settlement development on regional level and to develop strategies and action programs for post-soviet military residential areas both on local and regional level; 7) to prepare selected post-soviet military residential areas for investments; 8) to make suggestions for national level policies concerning the reintegration and development of post-soviet military residential areas.

    3. Was the building or the space between buildings) identified as a valuable socialist heritage?
    4. No. But the areas are so vast that their non-reintegration would be a waste of precious space.

    5. What criteria were applied to make this judgment?
    6. Need of population for housing and need of businesses for space to develop.

    7. Was the building or space between buildings) important to local communities and how were they involved in decision-making process about its rehabilitation or conversion?
    8. The space is of great importance and local population was involved into discussions about its rehabilitation and conversion.

    9. Were attempts made to improve territorial cohesion within the city/town/district? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    10. (300 - 600 characters)

    11. Were there attempts to reduced disparities between districts within cities/towns achieved reduced? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    12. Yes; the efforts are ongoing.

    13. Other important facts and comments, e.g. critical review.
    14. The deliverables of the ReMiDo project were presented at the final international project conference which took place in Liepaja, Latvia on 13-14th of November, 2007. On the first day all achieved results during the project were presented to public and on the second day the study tour “ ReMiDo project results in Latvia” was organized for all participants of the conference. The main deliverables of the project’s work package 1 “Profiles and networking of post-soviet military residential areas” are well-organized study tours to all 5 pilot objects, where it was possible to see the results of activities carried out in the project. The report on Study tours to pilot areas was prepared by municipal enterprise “Vilniaus planas”. Ii addition, two 2 big research projects were finished. The main result of the first research on “Environmental impact of post-soviet military residential areas at national and regional strategy level” are 5 profiles of contamination and registration of suspected contaminated sites in project partner countries. The result of second research on “Maintenance of post-soviet military residential areas and their administration and management structure” are Guidelines for Conversion – concept and methodology for future usage of former military properties. Study tour and research reports are available at the project webpage www.remido.lv. In the frameworks of WP 2 “Reintegration strategies and relevant approaches for sustainable development of post-soviet military areas on various political level” the project workbook “Approaches to post-soviet militaryareas development in partner countries” was prepared and published. In the framework of WP 3 “Spatial development models for reintegration of post-soviet military areas” the report on “Practical use of the spatial development models” was prepared as well as "Report on environmental indicators".

    IV. SUPPLEMENT

    There are more than 6 000 people living in Dědina block of flats. The whole revitalization 3 -phases -process took 4 years and the total cost of the project was 11 200 000 EUR. It is one of the first completely reconstructed block of flats as far as the public spaces in Prague are concerned.

    Web site: www.territorialcooperation.eu/frontpage/show/1261, www.bsrinterreg.net/projects.html