The Palace of Parliament (Romania)

I. IDENTIFICATION
  • Investor (key institution): Government of Romania
  • Contact person: City of Bucharest
  • Year of implementation: 1989-2004
  • Implementation venue

  • Region: Bucharest
  • Town: Bucharest
  • Size of area: 330000 m2
  • Impact: regional

    Total costs: EUR

    Source per every institution

    II. TYPOLOGY
    1. Improved provision of local cultural and social events.
    2. Improved condition & quality of the public space between the blocks of flats.
    3. Improved support for the development of small business operators in the area of blocks of flats.
    4. Improved attractiveness of the architecture of the socialist buildings.
    5. Improved involvement of the local community in events organized in its quarter.
    6. Identified new functions for structures from the era of socialism in 1945 - 1989).
    III. DESCRIPTION
    1. What forms of cooperation were used as new approaches in the field of rehabilitation and conversion of urban functional areas?
    2. The Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world. The building was built between 1984 and 1989, as a residence of former socialist president. It measures 240 by 270 metres, it is 86 metres high and goes 92 metres underground. The building has 12 floors and 8 underground floors. The height of the ceilings is 20 metres. In the basement, there is a nuclear shelter. The construction consumed 900,000 cubic metres of wood, one million cubic metre of marble, 3.5 tons of crystal, 700,000 tons of steel and bronze. The building has more than a thousand rooms. The reconstruction lies in the completion of the building and in renovation of the interior spaces, that are assigned to the changed needs that are not identical to the purpose for which this magnificent building was built.

    3. Was the building or the space between buildings) identified as a valuable socialist heritage?
    4. The building of Parliament was originally built in order to serve as a seat and a residence of president and socialist government. The completion and renovation of the interior were implemented due to a change of purpose of the building which now serves as a place for parliament sessions. At the same time, there were established museums, the building is a place where it hosts exhibitions and conferences of national and international importance.

    5. What criteria were applied to make this judgment?
    6. The criterion of innovativeness was applied – the building was completed purposefully, in order to provide other types of services on the premises. The criterion of portability was applied in the sense that there is a realistic expectation of providing these services in the future. The criterion of effectivity is represented in the modern and current provision of services to the public.

    7. Was the building or space between buildings) important to local communities and how were they involved in decision-making process about its rehabilitation or conversion?
    8. The project is important not only for the local community, but its importance lies in the fact that it provides services local people as well as for people from all over the country and for foreign visitors. Thanks to hosting various events of national and international character, it is important in national and international scale.

    9. Were attempts made to improve territorial cohesion within the city/town/district? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    10. The Palace of Parliament is an integral part of this area of Bucharest, Budova Parlamentného paláca je integrálnou súčasťou tejto časti Bukurešti, suitably complemented by a park and adjacent buildings, which are the seats of administrative, educational and historical institutions.

    11. Were there attempts to reduced disparities between districts within cities/towns achieved reduced? And, if so, how was success on this front gauged?
    12. The building was constructed, completed and restored as part of an exhibition area of Bucharest, there were no differences during the socialist period.

    13. Other important facts and comments, e.g. critical review.
    14. The Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world - after the U.S. Pentagon.

    IV. SUPPLEMENT

    There are more than 6 000 people living in Dědina block of flats. The whole revitalization 3 -phases -process took 4 years and the total cost of the project was 11 200 000 EUR. It is one of the first completely reconstructed block of flats as far as the public spaces in Prague are concerned.

    Web site: www.inyourpocket.com/romania/bucharest/sightseeing/essentialbucharest/Palatul-Parlamentului_14744v